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Charles E. Ophardt, Professor of Chemistry, Elmhurst College, Elmhurst, IL 60126, charleso@elmhurst.edu, Copyright 2004

Chem 110 Discussion References and Citations:

 

Ground Rules for providing references of textbook, internet sites, and other sources of information:

When writing to answer questions for Lecture Topic discussions and Issue discussions, you should be aware of providing references for the material that you write about. Somewhat slightly relaxed standards that are in use when you write term papers should also apply to writings in the discussions.

Some simple rules should suffice:

1. Textbook information that has been quoted or paraphrased should be credited by a simple citation such as: Text p. xx.

2. Internet information should be rephrased into your own words. Do not just copy and paste large sections of material from an internet site and call this your discussion contribution. Short sections may be quoted - but marked as quotes, followed by some summarization. The URL should be cited as the source of the material.

I can tell if you are just copying and pasting - the wording is too good, you probably do not know how to use unfamiliar words, etc. Another tell tale sign is that words from wikipedia or other sources are underlined with a different color which are links to a glossary - these all copy/paste. So please reformulate into your own words that mean something to you.

3. Information from newspapers, news magazines, or other journal articles should be cited in the usual manner.

4. Opinion or other original thinking, insights, background information from general reading or watching the "news", your work experience, creativity, or other distillation of general knowledge that you may have should be cited as "Opinion or personal experience".

Simple Five Step Guide in evaluating web references.