DEBATE QUESTION: Should the U.S. Senate ratify the Koyto Treaty and agree to quantified legally-binding objectives for greenhouse gas emission limitations and significant overall reductions within specified time frames? Option # 1: Yes. Establish an international agreement on a long term goal for stabilizing greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere at a level that minimizes the risks to the biosphere and to human societies, with a specific commitment to stabilize carbon dioxide emissions at 1990 levels by the year 2010.
If you endorse this position, make some recommendations about how to reduce the use of fossil fuels or capture the carbon dioxide emitted from them.
Option # 2: No. No action is needed because the "theory" of global warming caused by the burning of fossil fuels, is an unsupported assumption. Continued research is necessary, before any costly counter measures are implemented.
Various theoretical climate models used to predict future warming can not be relied upon and are not validated by existing climate record.
EPA Global Warming Site - very comprehensive and complete
Global Warming - good presentation
The first references are either general information and/or on the YES side of the debate.
1. Global Warming
| Global Warming - an introduction. The major
question is whether the global climate is warming as a result
of human activities which are altering the composition of the
atmosphere and effecting the natural greenhouse effect. A build
up of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide, has occurred
and is not disputed. There is uncertainty about whether the world
climate temperature has increased as a result of the increase
in the greenhouse gases and whether it is caused by human activities.
Graphic Slides (14) - Excellent Visual summaries of concepts - UNEP
|What is the Greenhouse Effect?|
|What are greenhouse gases and how do they work?||ProfONotes: Greenhouse
Infrared Spectra of Greenhouses gases - ChemLinks Module
|Are Global Temperatures Increasing?||Graphic
Temperature Trends - UNEP
Temperature Trends continue in 1999 - Earth Observatory
Global Temperature Trends - ChemConnections
2. Evidence for Global Warming
|Ice Core Data||ProfONotes: Evidence
for Global Warming
Ice core Information on temperature - Australian Antarctic Division
|Polar Ice and Land Glaciers||Polar
and Land Glacier Ice Melting - Earth Observatory
Current Climate Clues in the Ice - Earth Observatory
|Other Climate Indicators||Phytoplankton
and Climate Change - Earth Observatory
Carbon Release from Frozen Soils - Earth Observatory
|Evidence from Climate Change Models||
Climate Models: How Reliable are their Predictions? A comprehensive look at how models are constructed, used, and an evaluation of the predictions made from these models.
3. Causes for Global Warming
|Evidence for Correlation of Fossil Fuel Use and Carbon Dioxide|| ProfONotes: Evidence
of Fossil Fuel Use
Greenhouse Gas Emissions - EPA
|Carbon Cycle and Combustion of Fossil Fuels||ProfONotes:Combustion
Carbon Cycle - carbon flux - UNEP graphic
|Biomass burning and deforestation||Biomass
Burning - Earth Observatory
Tropical Deforestation - Earth Observatory
|Emissions of Greenhouse Gases||National Emissions Reports - EPA|
4. Consequences and Impacts of Global Warming -
|General Impact Links||
Impacts - General Reference - EPA
Impact Graphics links (many) - UNEP
|Sea Level Increases|| Sea Level Changes - UNEP - Graphic
Are sea levels changing over the past 50 years? ChemLinks Module
What are the effects of sea level changes?
Sea Level Changes - EPA
Changes - UNEP
Carbon Storage - Earth Observatory
Agriculture Vulnerability - EPA
|Biodiversity and Ecological Changes||Biodiversity - UNEP|
Resource Changes - UNEP - Graphic
Water - EPA
|Climate disaster and Extreme Weather||Extreme Weather - UNEP|
5. Actions to Limit the Impact of Global Warming
|Variety of links and actions||Actions at all Levels - EPA - Look at the series of links in the side menu.|
|Alternative Energy Sources||Alternate energy Fact Sheets|
|Remove carbon dioxide from fossil fuel power generation.||Carbon Sequestration|
6. Proposed Climate Change Treaty - Koyto
The "United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change" was adopted by a large number of nations at the
1992 "Earth Summit" in Rio de Janeiro.
Comparison of current carbon dioxide levels with Koyto limits. Countries listed without Koyto limits are not included in the treaty. Source: ChemConnections
Warming: Environmental Defense Fund - Click on climate Change
Koyto Protocal - Background - Feeling the Heat
Is Global Warming Real? - seems to be well done, although it is hard to find the qualifications of the authors
Still Waiting for Greenhouse - A Lukewarm View of Global Warming by - John L. Daly
World Climate Report gives contrary views on global warming. Look at the Current Features section to get a long list of articles from past issues. Might be slow in loading.