ON-LINE Lecture Discussion Requirement
of 2 questions: (this topic only)
Blackboard - Discussion Pages
and then copy and paste into Blackboard
Method to list references and citations.
Use CHAP 13 as a first resource, but the online sources are
also very good.
A. Fossil Fuel Energy Reserves
When will the Oil run out? Gives some information and scenarios about how long oil supplies may last.
| B. Use less energy and improve efficiencies
of existing devices - more energy efficient automobiles?
energy efficient furnaces, new types of fluorescent light bulbs,
energy efficiency ratings on new appliances.
(text p. 389)
Energy Efficiency sites
Residential Energy Efficiency - Check List
Appliance Standards -
Pick one of the following two questions.
QUES. 1: Should oil drilling be permitted in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge? Some in Congress have tried to pass laws permitting this, but so far unsuccessfully. Currently the energy bill passed by the House has the ANWR oil drilling included. The Senate bill does not have this provision.
Oil on Ice - Check out explore the issue - more on no side
ARCTIC NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE -This site supports the YES side. From the home page, check out Background. Also has some 10 top reasons to permit drilling. Also check Native Alaskans that are pro development.
Issue Brief for Congress
Latest report for Congress on ANWR
QUES. 2: Should the US raise CAFE (Corporate Automobile Fuel Efficiency) standards for light trucks and SUVs?
Last year, bills were introduced in the U.S. House (HR 1815) and in the Senate (S 804) that would gradually raise the CAFE standards for light trucks to 27.5 mpg by 2007. The House rejected this part of the energy bill.
Skip down to the Yes and No internet sites.
|QUES. 3. List some things that you could do in your home to increase efficiency and decrease the use of energy. The ideas should be quite specific and things that you will actually do now or in the near future. List one or two items that you did not know about previously.||
QUES. 4: Each student is required to do ONE of the following alternative energy sources.
First look at the Chemistry Discussion Board to select any that are not already taken. At this time you may reserve a topic and post it after doing the research. Then you may double up and add to the first report. Use the extensive internet sources which follow below.
Report on ALL of the following:
1. The science behind how it works,
4. environmental effects to secure the resources (where do the materials come from to make the device?),
5. environmental effects during use or pollution or other side effects.
You may not find written or visual info on all of the items, but think about it anyway. Five paragraph brief summaries of each energy source. Do not write a term paper on each. These may appear again as part of the next exam and may serve as a resource.
Solar Houses - Active
Solar Houses - Passive
Solar Power Towers or "farms"
Biomass - wood or wastes
Biomass - Ethanol
Geothermal - hot or dry steam
Geothermal - Ground heat pumps
Coal to liquids
Natural gas alternative reserve sources
Hydrogen - direct
Fuel Cell - cars
Fuel Cell - power plants
Electric cars (may do several of these - include electric battery, hybrid)
General Internet Resources on Alternate Energies: Specific sites are listed under each subtopic heading below.
Renewable Energy - many links - Crest.org
|Introduction type solar energy internet sites:|| Solar
Solar Technologies Program - DOE
Solar Energy Basics
|A. Passive house designs||Passive
Earth Sheltered Homes - look at
An Earth Sheltered FAQ; Why Earth Sheltered?
|Active house designs|| Solar
Active Solar Heating
|B. Solar Photovoltaic Cells- Materials, how they work||
U.S. Department of Energy Photovoltaics Program - quite a few sub menus from both right and left sides of the pages.
|C. Solar Power Towers||Solar Power Towers - and other solar systems|
|Solar Pond thermal energy conversion||Solar Gradient Ponds -|
3. a. Water - Hydroelectric (including "pumped storage")
text p. 402
ProfONotes: Hydroelectric at Niagara Falls, NY
3. b. Tides
text p. 402
|4. Ocean Thermal Energy||OTEC - National Renewable Energy Program|
text p. 400
Wind Energy Program - DOE
Wind Turbine- How it works - animation
DOE Wind Power- video/animation
Methane from Cows - convert to electiricity
7. Geothermal - dry steam or hot water deposits
Ground Source Heat Pumps
text p. 401
| 8. Hydrogen - direct use or use of a
Text p. , 403
ProfO Notes: Hydrogen Energy Cycle graphic
Facts about Hydrogen - American Hydrogen Association
9. Batteries - Text p. 202-207
Fuel Cells - Text p. 403-405
Nickel Metal Hydride Battery - In cars
|10. Electric Automobiles - Text p. 274-75||
Toyoto Prius - Hybrid Synergy Drive - how it works
|11. Clean Fuels Text p. 400||Vision21|
|Natural gas in remote locations is difficult to bring to the market place for use. Methane is trapped as a hydrate in a frozen state.||Natural
gas to Liquids
|Coal and other solids may be changed to gases||Coal
How Gasification Plants work