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Charles E. Ophardt, Professor of Chemistry, Elmhurst College, Elmhurst, IL 60126, charleso@elmhurst.edu, Copyright 2004

TOPIC 7: ALTERNATE ENERGY RESOURCES

 ON-LINE Lecture Discussion Requirement of 2 questions: (this topic only)

1. Do one question from the QUES 1 OR 2. You may self select which side of the issue you would like to be on.

2. One question from QUES 4. (worth 4 pts)

3. The third question is (optional or 1 point extra credit) this week, but you might answer QUES. 3,
or use General Questions to ask a general question the Prof or others might answer.

Check answers already completed in
Blackboard - Discussion Pages

Write out answers to questions in a WORD PROCESSOR
and then copy and paste into
Blackboard

Requirements for the Lecture On-Line Discussion
Method to list references and citations.

Use CHAP 13 as a first resource, but the online sources are also very good.

1. Conservation

 A. Fossil Fuel Energy Reserves

(text p.386-388)

 When will the Oil run out? Gives some information and scenarios about how long oil supplies may last.

Future Scenarios on Oil Supplies

 B. Use less energy and improve efficiencies of existing devices - more energy efficient automobiles? energy efficient furnaces, new types of fluorescent light bulbs, energy efficiency ratings on new appliances.
(text p. 389)
Links to Energy Efficiency sites
Residential Energy Efficiency - Check List
Appliance Standards -

 Pick one of the following two questions.

QUES. 1: Should oil drilling be permitted in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge? Some in Congress have tried to pass laws permitting this, but so far unsuccessfully. Currently the energy bill passed by the House has the ANWR oil drilling included. The Senate bill does not have this provision.

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Introduction
Arctic Nat. Wild. Refuge- Intro US Fish and Wildlife
Wikipedia Article - many links on bottom

Debate - has both yes and no sides.

Oil on Ice - Check out explore the issue - more on no side

ARCTIC NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE -This site supports the YES side. From the home page, check out Background. Also has some 10 top reasons to permit drilling. Also check Native Alaskans that are pro development.

Issue Brief for Congress
Latest report for Congress on ANWR

Pres. Bush Radio Address on Energy Security

 QUES. 2: Should the US raise CAFE (Corporate Automobile Fuel Efficiency) standards for light trucks and SUVs?

Last year, bills were introduced in the U.S. House (HR 1815) and in the Senate (S 804) that would gradually raise the CAFE standards for light trucks to 27.5 mpg by 2007. The House rejected this part of the energy bill.

CAFE Issue -

Skip down to the Yes and No internet sites.

 QUES. 3. List some things that you could do in your home to increase efficiency and decrease the use of energy. The ideas should be quite specific and things that you will actually do now or in the near future. List one or two items that you did not know about previously.

 
Residential Energy Efficiency - Check List

Home Energy Checklist -



ALTERNATE ENERGY SOURCES:

 QUES. 4: Each student is required to do ONE of the following alternative energy sources.

First look at the Chemistry Discussion Board to select any that are not already taken. At this time you may reserve a topic and post it after doing the research. Then you may double up and add to the first report. Use the extensive internet sources which follow below.

Report on ALL of the following:
1. The science behind how it works,
2. benefits,
3. drawbacks,
4. environmental effects to secure the resources (where do the materials come from to make the device?),
5. environmental effects during use or pollution or other side effects.

You may not find written or visual info on all of the items, but think about it anyway. Five paragraph brief summaries of each energy source. Do not write a term paper on each. These may appear again as part of the next exam and may serve as a resource.
Solar Houses - Active
Solar Houses - Passive
Photovoltaic
Solar Power Towers or "farms"
Solar Ponds
Ocean Thermal


Biomass - wood or wastes
Biomass - Ethanol
Geothermal - hot or dry steam
Geothermal - Ground heat pumps
Coal to liquids
Coal gasification
Natural gas alternative reserve sources


Wind
Hydroelectric
Tides
Hydrogen - direct
Batteries
Fuel Cell - cars
Fuel Cell - power plants
Electric cars (may do several of these - include electric battery, hybrid)

 General Internet Resources on Alternate Energies: Specific sites are listed under each subtopic heading below.


Physics 162 U. of Oregon - On-line Class on Alternate Energies

Comparison of Alternate Energy Sources - Lecture from the U. of Oregon

Renewable Energy Basics

Renewable Energy - many links - Crest.org



2. Solar Energy - Text p. 395-400

 Introduction type solar energy internet sites:  Solar Index Menu

Solar Technologies Program - DOE
Solar Energy Basics
 A. Passive house designs Passive Solar Energy
Earth Sheltered Homes - look at 
An Earth Sheltered FAQ; Why Earth Sheltered?
 Active house designs  Solar Water Heating
A
ctive Solar Heating
 B. Solar Photovoltaic Cells- Materials, how they work

U.S. Department of Energy Photovoltaics Program - quite a few sub menus from both right and left sides of the pages.

Energy Fact Sheet - Photovoltaics

 C. Solar Power Towers  Solar Power Towers - and other solar systems
 Solar Pond thermal energy conversion Solar Gradient Ponds -

 3. a. Water - Hydroelectric (including "pumped storage")

text p. 402

 Hoover Dam

Wind and Hydropower topics

ProfONotes: Hydroelectric at Niagara Falls, NY

Hydroelectric and Pumped Storage

Three Gorges Dam in China
CNN report Three Gorges
Wash. Post -Three Gorges

 3. b. Tides

text p. 402

Tidal Energy
 4. Ocean Thermal Energy OTEC - National Renewable Energy Program

 5. Wind

text p. 400

 Wind Power Index

Wind Energy Program - DOE

Wind Turbine- How it works - animation

DOE Wind Power- video/animation

ProfONotes: Windmills and wind turbines

 6. Biomass

- Energy from wood, agricultural and urban wastes,
- Conversion to methanol, ethanol, or methane gas

 Biomass Index

Bioenergy - National Renewable Energy Program
Bioenergy - Info resources

Methane from Cows - convert to electiricity

Biomass Energy

 7. Geothermal - dry steam or hot water deposits

Ground Source Heat Pumps

text p. 401

What is Geothermal Energy?

Geothermal Index menu

Geothermal Energy Fact Sheet

Geothermal Heat Pumps

 8. Hydrogen - direct use or use of a fuel cell
Text p. , 403

ProfO Notes: Hydrogen Energy Cycle graphic 

Hydorgen Basics

Facts about Hydrogen - American Hydrogen Association

Hydrogen Synthesis methods -
Hydrogen Economy

 9. Batteries - Text p. 202-207

Fuel Cells - Text p. 403-405

ProfO Notes: Hydrogen/Oxygen Fuel Cycle graphic
Fuel Cells - EREN

How fuel cells work

Third Orbit Power Systems - Fuel Cells

Nickel Metal Hydride Battery - In cars

 10. Electric Automobiles - Text p. 274-75

Electric Vehicles- Includes a variety of types
How hybrids Work -

Toyoto Prius - Hybrid Synergy Drive - how it works

Hybrid Electrics -

Honda Electric Car
Electric Car Links

11. Clean Fuels Text p. 400 Vision21
Natural gas in remote locations is difficult to bring to the market place for use. Methane is trapped as a hydrate in a frozen state. Natural gas to Liquids
Methane Hydrates
 Coal and other solids may be changed to gases Coal Gasification
How Gasification Plants work