Carbon has the symbol C.
From the Latin word "carbo" meaning"charcoal"
Atomic Number = 6, Atomic Mass = 12.01, 6 protons, 6 electrons,
Known since ancient times although not recognized as an element
until much later.
Most common as the element: graphite and diamonds, coal.
Most common compounds are hydrocarbons which include chains
and rings of carbon atoms along with hydrogen atoms bonded. Carbon
dioxide is the by product of combustion and metabolism.
Carbon, as graphite, burns to form gaseous carbon (IV) oxide
(carbon dioxide). When the air or oxygen supply is restricted,
incomplete combustion to carbon monoxide, CO, occurs.
In industry, water is blown through hot coke. The resulting
gas is called water gas and is a mixture of hydrogen (50%), carbon
monoxide (40%), carbon dioxide ( 5%), nitrogen and methane (5%).
It is an important feed stock gas for the chemical industry and
an important source of hydrogen gas. Hydrogen gas is also made
from methane and water in a similar reaction.
Carbon in organic or hydrocarbon compounds is the foundation
of modern society and biochemistry. Carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen
are the most important elements.