Introduction to Ionic Bonding:
Ionic bonding is best treated using a simple electrostatic
model . The electrostatic model is simply an application of the
charge principles that opposite charges attract and similar charges
repel. An ionic compound results from the interaction of a positive
and negative ion, such as sodium and chloride in common salt.
The IONIC BOND results as a balance between the force
of attraction between opposite plus and minus charges of the
ions and the force of repulsion between similar negative charges
in the electron clouds. In crystalline compounds this net balance
of forces is called the LATTICE ENERGY. Lattice energy is the
energy released in the formation of an ionic compound.