Alkanes area class of HYDROCARBONS
which contain only carbon and hydrogen. Two other terms which
describe alkanes are saturated and paraffins.
SATURATED alkanes means that each carbon is bonded
to four other atoms through single covalent bonds. Hydrogen atoms
usually occupy all available bonding positions after the carbons
have bonded to each other.
PARAFFINS which is derived from a Latin word meaning
"little activity", and means that the compounds are
The example compounds of ethane and pentane are shown on the