Functional Group Names:
The ending of the name as a suffix tells the type of compound
or functional group present.
The root name tells the number of carbons in the longest continuous
Example upper left - most organic names:
A 3 carbon alcohol is named as:
CH3CH2CH2-OH = propanol
The name is derived as follows:
Three carbon root name = propane.
Drop the "e" ending and add "ol" the ending
Thus the name = propanol.