Functional Groups

R = any number carbons in a hydrocarbon chain
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Functional
Group
Name

 General
Structure

 Structure

 Name
Graphic
Chime*

 Alkane
 CH3CH2CH3

 propane

Graphic

Chime

 Alkene
 CH2=CHCH3

  propene

Graphic

Chime

 Alkyne
 CH=CCH3

  propyne

Graphic

Chime

Alcohol

R-OH
CH3CH2CH2OH

 propanol

Graphic

Chime

 Ether

  R-O-R
 CH3CH2O-CH2CH3

 diethyl ether

Graphic

Chime

Aldehyde

 propanal

Graphic

Chime

Ketone

propanone
or
acetone

Graphic

Chime

 Acid

 ethanoic acid
or
acetic acid

Graphic

Chime

 Ester
 

methyl
ethanoate

Graphic

Chime

 Amine

 R-NH2
or
R-NH-R
 CH3CH2CH2NH2

 propylamine

Graphic

Chime

 Amide
 

 methyl
ethanamide

Graphic

Chime