Fumaric Acid

 

Reaction 9: Hydration to form an alcohol

This is a simple hydration reaction of an alkene to form an alcohol. Take your pick where you place the -OH group since it must be adjacent to a carboxylic acid group in either case.

This reaction is catalyzed by fumarase.

Malic Acid

Color Codes
C

H

N

O

P

S

Cl

F

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Reaction Changes / ball & stick

Add HOH to the double bond to make alcohol
  Reaction Changes / ball & stick
      

 

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