Palmityl Co A

 

Step 1: Oxidation (Dehydrogenation)

The coenzyme FAD, which is directly connected to the electron transport chain is involved with this reaction. Again it is somewhat unusual for hydrogens to be removed from an alkane hydrocarbon chain.

The hydrogens on the #2 and # 3carbons are removed to form a trans double bond (alkene) type compound. The FAD is converted to
FADH2 and carries the two hydrogens and two electrons in the electron transport chain. Because this is the second enzyme complex, the net yield of ATP is two.

Palmityl-2-ene CoA 

Color Codes
C

H

N

O

P

S

Cl

F

 Click-hold mouse button to move structure.
Click "x" box to toggle between structures
.
 Move manually to match left window
  Spacefill / ball & stick   Optimal View - left window   Spacefill / ball & stick
Reaction Changes / ball & stick

Remove 2 H's to make a double bond
  Reaction Changes / ball & stick